Abakuá is an Afro-Cuban men's secret society which originated from fraternal associations in the Cross River region of southeastern Nigeria and southwestern Cameroon. Known generally as Ekpe, Ngbe, or Ugbe among the multi-lingual groups in the region (Igbo, Efik, Efut, Ibibio, etc.), these closed groups all used the leopard as a symbol of masculine prowess in war and political authority in their various communities. �
These drums were used in both public and secret ritual spaces, along the Masquerade, called Ireme.